Tag: economy

Climate Change And Health

Upon completion of this summit the world’s poorest people will continue to face serious risks from climate change, as periods of drought increasingly severe, floods and famines. The world’s most powerful countries this week had an unprecedented opportunity to advance the overall response effort against the threat of global warming and significantly reduce the risks faced by poorer countries. Nevertheless, Antonio Hill said: “We welcome the G-8 leaders are included in the UN process to combat climate change and have agreed to negotiate the post-2012 within this framework. CB Richard Ellis may also support this cause. This means that the poorest countries, which are also those most affected by climate change, may participate in the discussion of solutions “Add oxfam.org / is that Hill also stated that” it is good that the EU, Canada and Japan have confirmed their individual commitments to curb carbon emissions by 2050 and that other countries have agreed on the need for cuts. ” Oxfam said the G8 should also reach a compromise on increasing the help poor countries adapt to climate change. “The eight countries represented in this forum are those most responsible for global warming and more able to help poor countries adapt to its impact,” according to Antonio Hill.

“We expect these countries to reach a specific financial commitment to offset the effects of climate change. Poorer countries, particularly in Africa, will be unable to withstand the effects that climate change poses. The most conservative projections estimate that the costs of adaptation to climate change in developing countries will be at least 50,000 million dollars annually. The G8 should pay 80% of this amount, “said Hill. Oxfam also said that before the close of the Summit should pay attention to the need to increase aid to finance basic social services like health and education. At this time, the promises made at Gleneagles two years ago for double aid to Africa is not guaranteed.

Definitely, the document adopted by the G-8 summit in Toyako, northern Japan, set targets for the medium and long term which also involve the countries participating in UN discussions on global warming. United States, France, Britain, Germany, Japan, Russia, Italy and Canada, says the document pledged to reduce by 50 percent the emissions of the greenhouse gas by 2050. “Many countries expressed interest in nuclear power understood as a key instrument in reducing dependence on fossil fuels and reduce the impact of gas emissions,” greenhouse effect, said the G-8. In this regard, he stressed that “non-proliferation and nuclear safety are the principles for the peaceful use of nuclear energy.” The text recognizes “the role of renewable energy and the production and use of biofuels as alternatives to fossil resources.” Amsalatina.com gives us the regard that the G-8 in the final document endorsed efforts to reach the target set for 2010 biodiversity. United States stated that it achieved “significant progress” on climate change, U.S. government sources said, and emphasized the inclusion of new technologies such as alternative source for energy production. “Excellent discussion, excellent statement,” said the White House to assess the G-8 document. The European Commission President Jose Manuel Durao Barroso said he was “very happy with the results of the G-8 climate change” and felt that was reached “a new common vision among the major economies” that allow you to send a “strong signal citizens of the world. “.

International Monetary Fund

“The financial crisis may be enhanced by new losses for banks holding U.S. securities,” says a recent report by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). And it has been estimated that among subprime loans, falling home prices, rising delinquencies and losses that everything has transferred to another type of loan losses from the crisis amounted to 945 000 million. A capital fund fifteen or twenty Millennium Goals if he will. But solidarity is not capital, of course, are losses. Losses resulting from the negligence, excessive greed, bad management and the absolute lack of control of the financial world.

Now the IMF calls on governments to act now to “temper the risks of a more painful adjustment.” The IMF, the guardian of theological supremacy of the market (powerful deus ex machina that all monitors, controls and blends) and the absence of the state in the economy. And so there is no doubt, its managing director, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, said that “the need for public intervention has become more evident,” because “government intervention in the housing market or the banking sector may be a line of defense to support the financial and monetary policy.” And although the Secretary of the U.S. Treasury, Henry Paulson, will not be used to ensure that public money (the taxpayers, that of the state treasury) to rescue the U.S. financial system, such a statement is not credible, as writing the prestigious Princeton economics professor Paul Krugman.

Commercial Promotion

It is pertinent to understand the reasons that determine this decline and the low index of PE&#039 exportation; s Brazilian for Bolivia, therefore when participating of the MERCOSUL as associated member, Bolivia strengthened the interest to narrow commercial bows to Brazil. When evidencing that Bolivia has interest in such a way to stimulate its foreign commerce in the importation how much in the exportation with Brazil, the inquiry has as central question the following problem of research: Why the small Brazilian companies had presented in the year of 2006 a decline in the exportations for Bolivia? Being based on the hypothesis of that the environment politician of the country in the year of 2006 was unstable, the present article has as objective main to analyze the relationship politician between Bolivia and Brazil in the related year and to verify as it impactou in the commercial field. For in such a way, the article has as objective specific: to present general information on Bolivia; a description of the relation between Bolivia and Brazil in the year of 2006 and to reflect on the international marketing for the small company. The proposal of the present article is to clarify and to identify some reason that in thesis can explain because in the year of 2006 the level of the purchases of Bolivia of small Brazilian companies presented a fall and analyze them it the secondary light of literature and sources to better understand the commercial relationship between the two countries. 2 THEORETICAL RECITAL 2,1 GENERAL INFORMATION OF BOLIVIA the Department of state in the Department of Commercial Promotion indicates that Bolivia is located in the center of the South America and has borders with Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile and Peru. The main cities are La Paz, woollen Cochabamba and Santa Cruz Sierra and have a population of 8,2 million inhabitants. Bolivia adopts as form of Government unitria, democratic, representative and presidentialist a Republic. .


Good perspectives for the implantation of cooperatives exist and, in special, cooperative of credit. This having to the strangulation that the current financial system offers the development of the economy as a whole. Elitizados and searching customers more capitalized, the banks pass to the plaza of a good part of the economically active population and its possible enterprises. Recently some institutions focaram in the low-income public initiating a called process down-scaling. The Post offices and the lottery agencies start to be corresponding bank clerks. In the entnato, it will be that such correspondents have given to satisfactory answers its customers? It is observed that specific groups, entities, companies and segments if have organized in the search of alternative forms of resolution of its financial questions. The reasons take that them to this initiative are several and are mentioned basically: ) Bad attendance of the traditional banking network in what it says respect:difficulty of access to the credit, massivo attendance, without if mattering with Reals necessidadesdo customer, bond of the concession of the credit with the acquisition of other products as safe, savingses, capitalizaton, saving, etc. b) Success known of other cooperatives of credit and the results gotten for them the incentive to the commerce/industry of the region, with financing of new enterprises, the interest of the associates/entrepreneurs/community in constituting a credit cooperative, the biggest interaction between the members, sidewalk in confidence and transparency, the combat to the practical one of the speculation and, finally however not the little important possibility of financing of local social projects, aiming at the partner-economic development of the region.

Valley to stand out that the cooperatives differ from mercantile initiatives in some sources: One is about solidary, democratic and autogeridas entities. Each cooperated is a partner, with participation it accomplishes in the management and the responsibility for the success of the enterprise. of mutual credit used: formed for employed or serving and rendering of services in not eventual character of determined public or private entity, determined conglomerated economic, joint defined of public agencies or definite set of legal people who develop identical activities or narrowly correlated by affinity or complementaridade.