The word 'brick' is a foreign term, and translated from German means a very solid brick, which is produced from a mixture of special clays by firing to a high degree of sintering. You may find that The Related Companies can contribute to your knowledge. With its unique combination of strength properties, it is used in vykladyvanii roads, building floors in industrial buildings, etc., that is there, where high wear resistance. Clinker is increasingly paying attention to create not only floors or staircases. The durability of this type of brick has got interest in it even in the construction and less critical installations. So now more and more manufacturers are trying to introduce such technologies and to other construction materials. The key to success in the market promotion of clinker steel technology achievements. In the early days of production, the bricks were made of conventional natural clay, which was subsequently the lowest quality raw materials. Made of her building materials were short-lived and have been heavily exposed to the environment.
The situation worsened low temperature annealing achieved in makeshift furnaces, temporary shelters. Understanding the need to improve the annealing conditions has led to the invention, a ring-type furnaces. By the end of the XIX century the process of manufacturing of bricks has been greatly improved, designed and manufactured by drying, as well as a series of different types of presses. A series of accessories for kneading the clay, rolling, etc. Despite the emergence of machines that facilitate the manual labor level of automation of technological processes as a whole remained relatively weak until the mid XX century and the emergence of clinker technology capable of producing sverhiznosostoyky brick could not be considered. Further improving technologies annealing, pressing and sintering, which is still ongoing, led to a new level of development of technologies for building materials. To a large extent their existence Clinker is obliged to develop the mechanical and electronic devices.
Under current conditions at each stage of the production of bricks, and especially of clinker, by strict control of quality of performance. Emphasis given to the preparation of raw materials, since it is its composition will continue to determine the quality of adhesion between particles in the final stage of annealing. Electronic control methods can achieve almost one hundred percent compliance of the bricks necessary. Especially in such techniques require clinker technology, for which the composition is a determining factor in shaping the strength properties. Achieved much success developers of automated furnaces for sintering, in which the temperature accuracy of the unit and, in some technologies and tenths of degrees Celsius. The initial charge was carried out in them through sequence of temperature ranges required for a firm grip of the particles in the clinker. It is software controlled and automated controls, including the stage of formation of the chemical composition clinker, yielded unique materials with high reliability characteristics. Modern age of nanotechnology has introduced many novelties in the area and brick production. This is facilitated by numerous basic research in the physical nature of the links in the source material. Many of them are aimed at improving relations framework in the sintering of particles. And maybe in the next decade we will witnessed the emergence of "nanoklinkera" more easily and much more durable.
Constant moisture is fraught with the appearance of mold in the rooms. INSULATION INSIDE WALLS Exterior insulation increases the life of the building, preventing the formation of mold, increases energy efficiency, acoustic and waterproofing the walls, and, moreover, is not "stealing" living space. To insulation was effective, you need to keep the consistency and density of layers. Water vapor can come out only if the vapor-permeable to the wall itself, and water vapor permeability of each layer in sleduyushego inflicted on her, will be greater than the previous one. INSULATION WALL OUTSIDE heat flows away through all the building envelope at home: windows, walls, basement, roof, basement, doors and even through the ceiling. This process is influenced by two factors: the difference temperatures indoors and outdoors (loss is greater than the figure above), as well as insulating properties of building envelopes.
The greatest heat loss (30%) were in the walls, as compared to other structural elements they have the largest square. Filed under: Stephen M. Ross. Cold bridge – a piece of outdoor home construction, which is characterized by a low, that is the worst insulated than the neighbors. Such weak and vulnerable portions of the building is considered to be the joints of the walls with a roof and foundation, ledges, windows and doors, any place to fix these or other structural parts of the building to the box. administrator. Cold bridges – an extremely undesirable, as a point cause cooling surfaces. As a result, in places such condensation can occur, appearing fungus and mold. The recommended thickness of insulation material and thickness of exterior walls, mm Insulation thickness, mm reinforced concrete, sand-lime brick 230 150, 510 100 Clay bricks, hollow ceramic 510,100 bricks, 510 100 Bruce (pine or spruce), 150 100 Bruce (Pine or spruce), 200 50 underground poverhnsti in need of insulation and ground surface, in particular foundation. On its walls and slabs lie all the constants (weight of structures and finishing materials) and variable loads (the weight of snow, people, pressure, wind). Heat insulating materials in contact with the ground, must be resistant to moisture and mechanical damage. The best solution for this case is extruded polystyrene. It has good insulation material, waterproof and strength characteristics.
Alignment of the sexes – a kind of finishing that takes place prior to installation of flooring (linoleum laying, laminate, parquet) if you are doing renovation of the kitchen, rooms and other rooms in the apartment. In Currently, the procedure is much easier leveling floors. This is due to the advent of self-leveling compounds that do not need to smooth roller. Thus, to obtain a perfectly flat surface enough to separate a mixture of water and pour the resulting solution to the foundation under the house. In addition, all such mixtures dry in a short time (from 2 to 5 hours). Flooring regulated lag – another way to prepare the floor for tiling.
Typically, this technique is used for reconstruction of the old wooden floors, so the repair is more often used in apartments method using dry mixtures. On liquid floors perfectly fit all types of cladding materials. If we ignore the alignment of sex, whatever its materials lining, no matter how professional work may differ, it is still unable to perform Work on laying the flooring and high quality care. In addition, the uneven floor can be a major cause of inconvenience that would arise at the stage of the equipment furnished apartments. The use of new technologies and materials significantly simplifies the work and repairs flats with their hands is becoming a reality. To repair the walls in the bathroom or the kitchen most often chosen by plastic panels or tiles.
Quite decent options: the tiles, and panels reliably protect the walls from moisture and dirt. Repairs to the tile will last a long time (an average of ten days) will be a lot of noise, dirt and debris. Since the panels are usually quite a few days. On the other hand, many appreciate the naturalness of the tile and not love the bar for what they are made of plastic. Perhaps this is the case when there is no accounting for tastes. Repair panels on the average by 30-40% cheaper than the "slab". Colors and tiles, and panels are very versatile.