And that, sooner or later they will extinct follow as well. A UN report warning that 70% of the Earth’s surface is threatened by urbanism and infrastructure gives us lavozdegalicia.es ‘it is not a catastrophist document, nor a glossing over cruel challenges facing us. It is the most authoritative assessment of where we have been, where we are now, and where it is possible to go. Credit: Nobel Laureate in Economics-2011. Conclusively, Klaus Toepfer, director of the UN Environment Agency, presented the report Global environmental perspective, that in his analysis of what has happened in the last thirty years and what will happen in the following offers a grim picture. The report, compiled by more than 1,000 experts, says that the planet is at a crucial crossroads with respect to decisions that they can adopt today, and they will be essential for the salvation of the forests, oceans, rivers, wildlife and flora. Major threats include degradation of the environmental quality of the planet, which is intensifying the vulnerability of people to natural phenomena such as cyclones, flooding or droughts, which also increases the risks of food insecurity. In this situation there is incontrovertible evidence: the number of people affected by natural disasters increased from an average of 147 million a year in the Decade of the 80 to 211 in the 1990s. Global financial losses for this reason exceeded at the end of the last century the hundred billion dollars.
The UN, which ensures that this situation fundamentally affect the least developed countries, links the acceleration of natural disasters to climate change produced by atmospheric emissions. But there are more threats: a quarter of mammals could disappear in the next thirty years. Of 11,000 plant and animal species in danger, thousand mammals are collected in the blacklist. Another risk factor is the exorbitant growth cities and the impact to the environment represent the major infrastructures, which can lead to the degradation of more than 70% of the Earth’s surface in thirty years.