Tag: history

Northern Russia

From St. Petersburg is even smaller: only 4 hours at a suburban train – and you are there. On holidays and school holidays hotel rooms must be booked in advance. The rest of the time travel in Novgorod, a little, so the city can be viewed as a whole, without haste, for "Long" weekend. Novgorod is incredibly beautiful in the winter. Ancient churches and surrounded by trees strewn with frost, river that never freezes, clear blue skies and sunshine make it a real fairy tale. Travel with old part of town – an encyclopedia of Russian architecture of XII-XVII centuries. You should begin, of course, Detinets.

River divides the city into two sides – commercial and Sofia. Already from the settlement (two kilometers up the river), in relation to Novgorod, which was called "new town", with the ship you can see the red brick towers and fortress walls. Swim closer – become visible parts: the teeth of the walls and battlements of the towers, belfry, most of the bells on which, unfortunately, "dumb", as well as the main shrine and the oldest church of Northern Russia – Novgorod Sophia, built in 1045. This grand ceremonial church demonstrates a desire of Prince Vladimir to realize Novgorod the pomp and glitter of the Kiev Sofia. In the old days there was going to veche, kept the city coffers (survived caches walls stair tower), there was a large library – a few thousand books, chronicles and archives. The western doors of the temple, consisting of many small bronze figurines – Magdeburg (Sigtunskie) gates, military trophy of Novgorod, which was brought from walking on the sea in Sweden – a few centuries served as a solemn entrance to the temple.

Day Inside

The Life is Thus would not exist sound If it did not have silence would not have light If was not the blackout the life is exactly thus, Day and Night, not and yes Certain things? Lulu Saints To live is to sharpen the instrument Of inside pr is Of is pr dentro/A all hour, all moment Of inside pr is Of is pr inside To all hour, all moment/Of inside pr is Of is pr inside Mountain range of moonlight? Leila Pine Because, that it is your life? It is a vapor that appears for a little, and later if it vanishes. Tg. 4:14 Whenever it is thought while still alive soon makes aluso to the time and, automatically is thought about the seconds, the minutes and the hours. Here it is not intended to think about this chronological time, but, to make a reflection, in a time that leaves its marks in our minds, in closest of the being. It can be asked: How much time leads to be born? To grow and to become adult? A common reply of the parents, almost in a general way, it is that they have homesicknesses of the son or the son and, in many cases, say they, they do not remember when its children were babies and some say with certain nostalgia: ' ' it grew so fast, ours you being velho' ' or ' ' the time passed and I not vi' '. Then, this time does not have time. E, in this time that does not have time, for times, loses it chance of if sharpening the instrument. Of inside pr it are, that is, to play something? it are? that it leaves in them annoying, hurts that corrode mind and body, becoming a cancer that quiet consumes the life, as well as the rust that corroe the steel or, as the harmful grass that of subtle form goes sucking all the seiva, all the blood, of the tree until killing it.

Economic Structure

The reconstitution of the unit occidental person for the carolngios was become fullfilled in three directions: for the Southeast, in Italy; for the southwest, route to Spain; in the east, the Germnia’ ‘. In this period the carolngios, had undertaken one vary conquest series, mainly made for great Carlos in the enterprise of the search of the territorial unit, where as it affirms Le Goff (P. 44) ‘ ‘ Great Carlos gave beginning to a tradition where slaughter and conversion joined the cristianizao for the force that the age measured would go to practise very for tempo’ ‘ frank kingdom perfecting personal the administrative and legislative texts and multiplying sent, wants to say, representatives of the central power. (Le Goff, p 46). With effect, inside of the structure of the vast carolngio empire great Carlos, use the instruments necessary to manage the vast domnios real the human instrument was constituted of missi dominici, important people of laica or ecclesiastical provenincia sent annually to fiscalize the representatives of the sovereign condes e, in the borders, marquises or dukes or to reorganize the administration. (Le Goff, P. 46) Inside of this form of administration who characterizes the slow process of reorganization of the carolngio empire undertaken by great Carlos, we have as marcante trace of this structure of this picture of the nature of the great properties and senhoril system.

That according to Duby, (1993; p. 97): The classic senhoril system (domanial regimen classique) after presents in the ones in the context of villae described an other for the inquired ones. They were great concentrations of land, areas of you 0ccasionally vary hundreds and some thousands of hectares of surface. The names that had were in a general way of the current villages and for times and possible to demonstrate that area of the domain coincides of fact it eats village.


However, scientists did not rush out and continued to seek more evidence about the age of Samarkand. Their efforts were unsuccessful. In particular, in recent years, during excavations on the site, Afrosiab in deep water in the basement of the city wall were discovered shapeless bricks (so called "guvalya"), which date from the end of VIII, the beginning of the VII century BC. At the base of the wall is reached in five to seven meters in width. These and other facts were given a perfectly good reason to suppose that at that time there have been city, rather than temporary accommodation. Otherwise, why such a powerful defensive structure? Additional arguments were found and are related to time, fragments of crockery, household containers of large capacity, painted pottery. The finds were sent to France where he was made the most progressive – radiokarbonny analysis of the fragments, the results of which led to the conclusion that the Samarkand 2700-2800 years. Note that since 1997, when scientists were ready to officially announce that the 2750 Samarkand years, ten years of additional research.

As we see, to its current anniversary of Samarkand did not come suddenly. This is the result of hard work of several generations of scientists for decades. The results of research specialists and archaeologists as to the age of Samarkand today no one in the world is not in doubt. This is evidenced by the fact that the 2750th anniversary of the ancient city celebrated under the auspices of a respected international organizations such as UNESCO.